GOD IS OMNISCIENT
The term omniscient comes from two Latin terms, "omnis" meaning "all,"
and "scientia" meaning "knowledge." Calvin said of the term, "that attribute
whereby God knows Himself and all other things in one Eternal and most
I like the thought of "and most simple act." It isn't really a biggy
with the Lord. It isn't even an activity. It just is the way He is.
HIS KNOWLEDGE IS ALL INCLUSIVE:
God's knowledge is all inclusive (I Jo. 3:20). It includes all that
is. It includes all that was. It includes all that will be. It includes
all that is possible.
It includes the material world (Job 28:24). He knows the number of grains
of sand on the beaches of the world as well as the pounds of dust on the
books in my library.
It includes the animal world and all that are in it (Matt. 10:29). He
knows of the needs of the animals, as well as their passing from life.
It includes the world of the dead (Job 26:6). He knows every soul in
it and from what generation they came. None will be lost from His great
It includes the human world (Ps. 33:13-15, Matt. 10:30, Acts 15:8).
It includes the inner world of man, the minute details of life (Jer.
1:5, Ps. 139:15, Ps. 139:1-4, Ps. 56:8, Job. 14:16,17, Matt. 10:30, Prov.
5:21). From before our conception, throughout our days unto our returning
to the dirt of his creation. From our thoughts to our intents, from our
hair to our steps, from our rights to our wrongs, He knows all there is
to know about us.
It includes the past, and the future world (Isa. 46:9-11).
HIS KNOWLEDGE INCLUDES MORAL PURPOSE:
It is always directed toward a good end. Even judgment is directed toward
a good end - the culmination of God's great plan.
Man's knowledge generally is destructive. Smoking, war, fast cars, immorality,
HIS KNOWLEDGE IS ETERNAL, COMPLETE AND PERFECT:
He has perfect knowledge of every detail of life for every believer
throughout the past ages, as well as all of those that are to come. Indeed,
He knows the detail of the lives of all lost people both past and to come.
He knows the tides and the details of the sea. He knows the woods and the
intricacies of the forest. He knows the deserts and the vastness of their
dunes. (Acts 15:18, Job. 37:16, Heb. 4:13.
He promises to raise all of mankind to stand before Him in the future.
He knows where to find each and every one of us, no matter where we die
and are buried.
HIS KNOWLEDGE MUST BE UNDERSTOOD IN THREE WAYS:
First, it is not like man's. HEAVEN FORBID! We learn by comparing one
piece of knowledge with another. He has His knowledge directly without
comparison. He in eternity past knew all there was. He has always known
all there is.
Secondly, it is not learned as is man's. He did not have to go to kindergarten
to learn the ABC's. We learn step by step, fact by fact, and principle
by principle, while there is no sequence to His knowledge.
Finally, His knowledge is complete and certain, while man's is incomplete
and not certain. Man learns as he ages, he learns as he makes mistakes,
and he learns as he is taught. God is free from all of these limitations.
HIS KNOWLEDGE IS ALWAYS USED WISELY:
His knowledge is always used toward good ends which shows His wisdom.
His omni-sapience or all wisdom is usually covered in this section. Cambron
is the only author I have found that separates and gives title to God's
He knows past, present and future as one entire whole. He knows all
at all times without sequence. He knows all and uses that knowledge in
a responsible manner to bring about His ends.
PROBLEMS WITH THE DOCTRINE:
1. How do we explain Deut. 8:2 if God knows all there is to know? "And
thou shalt remember all the way which the Lord thy God led thee these forty
years in the wilderness, to humble thee, and to prove thee, to know what
was in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no."
First of all, God communicates in a form that the people He is communicating
with, can understand. Would they have understood if God had said, "I'm
omniscient?" No, I don't think so.
He was not doing this to learn something He did not know. He was trying
them to see what was in their heart - to show them what was in their heart.
How do we explain Gen. 18:20,21? This speaks of Sodom and Gomorrah and
God mentions, "I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether
according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not I will know."
vs 21. The answer is the same as for the preceding text.
There is also the declaration of God, in the anthropormorphisms, as
having physical features. He does not have the ears that the Psalmist mention,
yet He does hear His people.
2. Isn't God too great to be interested in every detail of our lives?
It is this point that adds to God's greatness! It does not detract from
any of His attributes nor the doctrines that we hold concerning Him. He
can see to the details of life while controlling nations. He provided food,
water and raiment in the wilderness for 40 years, yet was able to lead
Moses and the other leaders to what He wanted for the nation.
He knows all there is to know about our particular problems and troubles!
I once read a poem that detailed the bitter, the hard, the fights, the
wounds, the struggles of life, yet it ended with the thought that we can
bear all that He allows because we know that He knows what is going on
in our life.
The doctrine should be a warning to the wicked. Prov. 15:3 mentions
that He sees evil as well as good. Prov. 15:11 - Sheol and destruction
are before Him. The real threat is seen in Rev. 20:15ff where John describes
The Great White Throne. This throne is where the judging of all the lost
of all generations will be held. All that has gone on throughout the ages
will be brought before those involved, and they will be judged accordingly.
The doctrine should be a warning to the erring Christian. Prov. 15:3
mentions that He sees evil as well as good. Heb. 12:6,7 mentions that He
chastises His children. The judgment seat of Christ will be the occasion
of the believer being judged according to his works. This will be a sad
time, a time of losing of rewards and a time of acknowledging our short
comings to the Lord face to face.
God's omniscience should be a consolation to the believer. Matt. 6:8
- He knows our needs before we have them. He numbers the hairs of our head.
How can anything miss His attention to each and every one of us?
He knows our every feeling. He is our Father! We are His children! He
feels for us as a Father feels for his natural children. A friend that
I used to work with had married his daughter off on a Thursday evening.
She had to go to work on Sunday and my friend and his wife felt very sorry
for her having to return to work so soon. On the way to work she wreaked
the car and had to have emergency room treatment. She called her folks
in tears and my friend said, "I felt so sorry for the little kid but couldn't
do a thing." Fathers hurt when their children hurt. He was very frustrated
because he didn't have enough money to help the new couple out.
The difference with our heavenly Father is that He feels in a most perfect
way for His children, and He can do something about it! He can comfort
us for He is the God of all comfort. II Cor. 1:3. If there is a need of
finance, He can intercede, if there is a need of emotion, He can lift us
up, If there is a need of strength, He can empower us.
He knows what is best for us for He knows the future. HOW BOUT THAT
ONE? We should pray as Jesus prayed, "...not as I will, but as thou wilt."
Matt. 26:39b. We should not hurry into things which are not clearly His
will. Wait upon His will.
At the same time we should be satisfied with the situation and position
in life that He has given us. It is perfect for us at this time in our
He knows all the evil that others do to us whether it is a believer
or a nonbeliever. We should learn to leave those things alone and not worry,
fret or seek revenge, for He will keep close accounts of all things.
If we realize He knows everything. If we realize He can lead us. If
we realize He cares and knows about even the little things. THEN We can
let Him lead us in the smaller areas of our lives as well as those major
moves. While living in Nebraska and Colorado I always went shopping for
snow tires before winter set in. I went out to find snow tires in the mid
70's and found several very good buys which I had money to cover. I did
not have peace about buying any of them. I decided not to get any for the
first winter in several years. That winter we did not need snow tires once.
God knew a light winter was coming along. If you don't have complete peace
about something don't do it!
He knows all things which should bring us to confess our sins more quickly
and completely! If we know He knows, why are we so slow to confess and
correct our state before Him? Why don't we confess our sin immediately?
It is illogical.
Ryrie lists four applications which I would like to include:
"Omniscience and security." We are safe in His hands for His hands are
directed by perfect knowledge of what is and is to be. "Omniscience and
sensitivity." His warnings are based on true and complete knowledge, thus
we should be sensitive to mind them carefully. "Omniscience and solace."
God knows what happened, as well as what might have happened and what will
happen from what happened. "Omniscience and sobriety." He relates this
to our lifestyle and walk. (Reprinted by permission: Ryrie, Charles C.;
"BASIC THEOLOGY"; Wheaton: Victor Books, 1986, p 42)
Since we know all of these applications are true then we know that we
have one Person on our side that is all of the following: Complete consolation,
our Father, our Comforter, our Fortune teller (if I may use that term),
our Avenger and our Guide.
Remember, He has the knowledge, and the only way that we can tap into
it is to be communicating with Him through prayer and the Word.
Ryrie quotes A. W. Tozer (pp 61-62 THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE HOLY).
"God knows instantly and effortlessly all matter and all matters, all
mind and every mind, all spirit and all spirits, all being and every being,
all creaturehood and all creatures, every plurality and all pluralities,
all law and every law, all relations, all causes, all thoughts, all mysteries,
all enigmas, all feeling, all desires, every unuttered secret, all thrones
and dominions, all personalities, all things visible and invisible in heaven
and in earth, motion, space, time, life, death, good, evil, heaven, and
"Because God knows all things perfectly, He knows no thing better than
any other thing, but all things equally well. He never discovers anything,
He is never surprised, never amazed. He never wonders about anything nor
(except when drawing men out for their own good) does He seek information
or ask questions." (Reprinted by permission: Ryrie, Charles C.; "BASIC
THEOLOGY"; Wheaton: Victor Books, 1986, pp 41-42)
GOD IS OMNIPOTENT
The term omnipotent comes from two Latin words, "omis" meaning "all"
and "potentia" meaning "power".
There have always been many questions raised in the area of this doctrine
that are aimed at making difficulties for the theologian.
Can God make a rock too big for Him to lift? Can God draw a shorter
than straight line between two points? Can God make two parallel lines
meet? Can God make two mountains without a valley between? Can God commit
suicide? Can He create a material spirit? Can He create a sensitive stone?
Can He create a body without parts? Can He create a square triangle? Can
He create a round square?
Let us end this foolishness by stating that He can do anything that
He cares to do as long as it does not contradict any of His other attributes.
Let us define the doctrine.
God is able to do all things that are consistent with His own nature
and character. God cannot be untrue to Himself. His power is limited by
His nature. God is not free from all restraints of reason and morality.
He must and always does act within the confines of his character.
God is never exhausted by the exercise of His power neither is His strength
diminished (Isa. 40:28). God is the only perpetual motion possible. He
can go on working overtime, if there is overtime for Him, and never run
out of energy, initiative, nor ability to cope.
Augustine, "God is omnipotent, and yet he cannot die.....How is he omnipotent
then? He is omnipotent for the very reason that he cannot do these things.
For if he could die, he would not be omnipotent."
Ryrie, "Omnipotence means that God is all-powerful and able to do anything
consistent with His own nature. In actuality He has not chosen to do even
all the things that would be consistent with Himself for reasons known
ultimately only to Himself." (Reprinted by permission: Ryrie, Charles C.;
"BASIC THEOLOGY"; Wheaton: Victor Books, 1986, p 40)
In other words He could have created fifteen earths side by side. He
could have given them each a moon of a different color and caused a shuttle
to move people from one earth to the other. He did not decide to do that,
God manifests His power in many ways. I want to list some of these before
we move on.
In Creation: Jer. 10:12, Rom. 1:20
In Preservation: Heb. 1:3
In Nature: Jer. 10:13
In History: Dan. 4:17
In delivering Israel from Egypt: Ps. 114
In Heaven: Dan. 4:35
In miracles: Lu. 9:43
In the resurrection: II Cor. 13:4
In Redemption: Neh. 1:10, Lu. 1:35, 37, Eph. 1:18-23
In Security: I Pet. 1:5
In whatever He pleases: Ps. 115:3
Even in these we see only a part of His power. Job. 26:7, "He stretcheth
out the north over the empty place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing."
I always wondered if there was a big hook and large string up on the north
pole holding things up! Picture God hanging earth, as a Christmas tree
ornament - on nothing!
These are only areas where He has revealed his power to us. He may have
thirty million different ways of demonstrating His power for us in the
eternal state, when He has time to explain things to us in a little greater
Some other references that relate to the study:
Gen. 17:1, "And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared
to Abram and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and
be thou perfect." God is addressed as "almighty" 56 times in the Scriptures.
Gen. 18:14, "Is anything too hard for the Lord? At the time appointed
I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall
have a son."
Ex. 15:11, 12, "Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? Who is
like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders? (12)
Thou stretchedst out thy right hand, the earth swallowed them." The context
is the Egyptian army having their long drink in the Red Sea.
Don't mess with Him FOR HE CAN CREAM YOU!
There is nothing that He can't do for us if it is within His will.
There is no way that the Devil can rip us out of God's hand. We are
He is powerful enough to withstand all the national forces that might
come against us or turn our forces to jelly.
If you have a hymnal handy, turn to "It Took a Miracle" and read it.
(Peterson, John W.; "It Took a Miracle"; New York: Hill and Range Songs,
Inc., 1948 by Crawford, Percy B.)
I trust that this section has brought you to appreciate your God a little
more than before. If not, you might reread it, for the passages given declare
a God that is mighty and powerful, and He is ready to hear your needs,
be they humongous or minute. He is aware of His children and He is desirous
of helping us do His work.